Lymph nodes and breast cancer

One of the first places breast cancer can spread to and start growing in is the nearby lymph nodes. This system is comprised of three elements, the lymph - a clear fluid that circulates through the lymphatic system,lymphatic vessels, and lymph nodes. The primary function of the lymph system is to circulate the lymph, which contains infection-fighting white blood cells, throughout the body to flush out toxins, waste, and other unwanted materials. The lymph fluid then carries these cancerous cells throughout the body. The closest lymph nodes, usually in the underarm area, are often the first place that breast cancer will start to grow outside of the breast. When an oncologist performs tests and determines that there are breast cancer cells in the lymph nodes, this is called lymph node involvement.
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5 signs of breast cancer that aren't a lump

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5 signs of breast cancer that aren't a lump | CTCA

Axillary staging of patients with early-stage breast cancer is essential in the treatment planning. Currently such staging is intraoperatively performed, but there is a tendency to seek a preoperative and less invasive technique to detect lymph node metastasis. Ultrasonography is widely utilized for this purpose, many times in association with fine-needle aspiration biopsy or core needle biopsy. However, the sonographic criteria for determining malignancy in axillary lymph nodes do not present significant predictive values, producing discrepant results in studies evaluating the sensitivity and specificity of this method. The present study was aimed at reviewing the literature approaching the utilization of ultrasonography in the axillary staging as well as the main morphological features of metastatic lymph nodes. Key words: Breast cancer; Axillary lymph nodes; Axillary ultrasonography; Morphological features. The presence or absence of metastatic disease in the regional lymph node chain is crucial information for the definition of staging, treatment and prognosis of breast cancer.
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The Role of Lymph Nodes in Breast Cancer

The presence of cancer cells is known as lymph node involvement. Lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped organs that act as filters along the lymph fluid channels. As lymph fluid leaves the breast and eventually goes back into the bloodstream, the lymph nodes try to catch and trap cancer cells before they reach other parts of the body.
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It may be more common if radiation is given after surgery or in women who are obese. Sometimes the swelling lasts for only a few weeks and then goes away. But in some women, it lasts a long time. If your arm is swollen, tight, or painful after lymph node surgery, be sure to tell someone on your cancer care team right away.
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